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Abortion From a Justice and Public Safety Perspective

Updated: Mar 15


As of June 24, 2022, Roe v. Wade, a landmark case that legalized abortion nationally, has fallen. In a 6-3 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the right to obtain an abortion upheld by Roe v. Wade was unconstitutional and that it is up to the states to deal with the matter of abortion how they see fit. 


The high court issued its majority opinion, authored by Justice Samuel Alito, arguing that “Roe was egregiously wrong from the start. Its reasoning was exceptionally weak, and the decision has had damaging consequences.” Roe v. Wade guaranteed women access to an abortion until viability, which is typically around 22-24 weeks, regardless of the state in which they lived. Now, with the ball in the states’ court, abortion legality depends on the political views of the state’s government.


26 states are predicted to enact some sort of ban, with 13 of these states implementing extremely restrictive laws that are to take effect immediately after Roe v. Wade is overturned. With Roe’s reversal, women in underserved communities are predicted to be impacted the most. These women will resort to self-induced abortions or have an unlicensed individual perform the procedure since they do not have the means to travel to a “safe state.” 


Even women who can transport themselves to a “safe state” will experience the repercussions of this decision. Due to the massive influx of women traveling, “safe states” must devise a plan to mitigate any issues that arise. It is inevitable that some abortions will be delayed, causing the maternal mortality rate to increase. 


Sources


Kitchener, Caroline, et al. “Abortion Is Now Banned in These States. See Where Laws Have Changed.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 22 July 2022, https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2022/06/24/abortion-state-laws-criminalization-roe/.


Langer, Ana. The Negative Health Implications of Restricting Abortion Access, 13 Dec. 2021, https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/features/abortion-restrictions-health-implications/.

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