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The Skill India Campaign

Updated: Mar 15

An introduction to the economic growth programs under the Skill India campaign.

Skill India is a campaign that was launched by the Indian government and Modi administration in 2015. The Policy was launched with the main objective of training 400 million Indians to take up skilled jobs in order to foster growth and development in India, as well as improve underdeveloped sectors. 


The main initiative under the campaign is the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) initiative, which encompasses short-term training programs, active community participation, certifying individuals with prior skills and monitoring training and placement structures. PMKVY seeks to incentivize people to join the campaign by providing financial support and rewards to candidates who have completed training programs. 


The PMKVY initiative also encourages women to become more educated and skilled, thereby increasing their job prospects and, in turn, enabling them to achieve financial freedom. Approximately 680 million women have been trained under the PMKVY initiative, with 18 skill training institutes for women. As of 2022, there are currently 1,000 training centers in India, with 50,000 youth having been placed in job roles. 


The other initiatives under the Skill India Campaign are: the Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP), the UDAAN initiative, The Standard Training Assessment and Reward Scheme (STAR), the National Skill Development Mission, the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). 


SANKALP deals with management and development, training, entrepreneurship support, skill development and other various skills. UDANN ensures that women and girls have transportation to schooling and training facilities. STAR provides monetary incentives to those who complete training programs. The National Skill Development Mission ensures that training programs are standardized across all states, whereas the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship places graduates from the training programs in employment or supports their business. Finally, the RPL certifies citizens for marketable skills they already have. 


Sources


Pandey, Mahendra Nath. “Skill Her, Skill India: Policy Must Enable Every Woman to Achieve Her Potential.” The Indian Express, 5 Mar. 2020, https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/international-womens-day-girl-education-literacy-rate-india-6299564/.


“PM Modi Launches Skill India Initiative That Aims to Train 40 Crore People.” NDTV.com, NDTV, 15 July 2015, https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/pm-modi-launches-skill-india-initiative-that-aims-to-train-40-crore-people-781897.


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